Knowing the type of rodent you are dealing with is the first step to safe eradication. Mice and voles have an almost similar appearance, but a closer look at their features will reveal a difference in their look.

They also have different behavior and habitat preferences making them differ in their adaptation to different environments. While the mouse is an indoor rodent, the vole prefers the more excellent outdoors for exploration. The mice also stick to a warm and food stocked building while the voles can survive outdoors in the cold winters and warm summers.


There are five different species of voles in Utah. Most of them measure between 5-8 inches long. They have a stout body with short tails that have more fur. The eyes of the voles are also larger, and they have more prominent and rounded ears.

Mice, on the other hand, are less heavy than voles. They appear in five different species around Utah namely; the deer mice, field mice, white-footed mice, cactus, and Eurasian harvest mice. These mice have a long tail of about the same length as their body. They also have a color shade of grayish brown fur with an underside of gray.


It’s common to spot both rodents in the house. But the voles are usually one-time visitors that do not dwell indoors for long. Voles live at the ground level in yards where they can feed on roots and plants. They are dominant both in the cold and warm seasons, but their runways are visible after the melting of snow.

The mice like the indoors and will visit your buildings in search of food and shelter. They stay in hidden covers of the houses but in areas that are close to the wall. You will mostly spot them in kitchens, basements, and dark corners where their nests and predatory activities are safe.


Voles prefer open areas that are ideal for digging burrows. They are herbivorous and will mostly feed on roots, bulbs, and bark of trees. They often chew on tree trunks that are covered with mulch or snow at the bottom. The chewing can sometimes be damaging leading to the death of a tree due to the irregular transfer of nutrients.

Mice live in secluded areas that are close to a food source. They have a habit of biting through stored foods, and it is common to observe chewed food particles in their paths. They always leave their droppings around food sources, and that is the first signs of an infestation. For nesting, you will observe soft house items stashed correctly in a dark area. Some mice share nests, and it is possible to have 2-3 families living together.

The voles and mice have adverse effects around human habitation. The voles destroy the lawn and will feed on plants in your yard or garden. The mice are a health hazard because they carry diseases. Their contact with your food supplies means possible contamination and spread of diseases. To effectively get rid of mice and voles in your surroundings, contact a reputable pest control company.